Under the leadership of Party committees at all levels and upholding the principles of being driven by the government and participated by the whole society and putting the people first, we will work out a national science literacy plan for 2035-2050, continue innovating the long-term mechanism for enhancing citizens’ science literacy, promote the establishment of an evaluation system for scientific and technological workers’ participation in science popularization, form an institutional arrangement in which science popularization is as important as technological innovation, and establish and improve the evaluation system for Chinese citizens’ science literacy in the new era. We will cultivate a group of experts engaged in science popularization, give full play to the role of all scientific and technological workers, establish and improve an emergency response mechanism for science popularization, strengthen the interaction and dialogue between the public and scientists and experts, promote public understanding of science, technology and engineering, and enhance public interest and recognition in science. We will innovate the way to carry forward science popularization in agriculture and rural areas, promote farmers’ scientific and cultural literacy, serve the rural vitalization strategy, and promote the industrial structure transformation and upgrading and high-quality economic development. We will promote the creation of science fictions and the development of the popular science industry, establish and improve a ubiquitous, intelligent science popularization information service platform, and create production and distribution centers for science dissemination products. We will promote the integrated development of science and culture, organize international scientific communication, exchange and cooperation activities, and contribute Chinese wisdom to international scientific communication.