Zhu Guangya (1924 – 2011) was a renowned nuclear physicist of China, and a senior academician of both the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE). He served as president of CAST between 1991 and 1996, and was elected honorary president of CAST in 1996. He became the first president of the CAE when the Academy was founded in 1994. He also served as vice chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, China's top political advisory body, between 1994 and 2003.
Born in central China's Yichang city, Zhu attended National Central University in 1941 and graduated from the department of physics of National Southwestern Associated University in 1945, and obtained a doctorate degree in physics at University of Michigan in the United States. He returned to China in spring of 1950. After 1957, he was involved in research of nuclear reactor. He made great contributions to China's breakthrough in atomic bomb and hydrogen bomb technological research. He participated in organizing all atomic bomb and hydrogen bomb experiments in China, construction of the Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant, research on the application and development of radioactive isotope, and making and the implementation of China's high-tech research and development program.
In 1999, Zhu received an achievement medal in recognition of his contribution to China's "Nuclear Bombs, Ballistic Missiles and Satellite" programs.
Zhu died of illness on February 26 in Beijing at 87.