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Huang Kun

Huang Kun, male, born in September 1919 in Beijing, graduated from the department of physics of Yenching University in 1941.  He was presented with the 2001 National Supreme Scientific and Technological Award.

Huang Kun went to England and studied at the University of Bristol in 1945.  After receiving his doctoral degree, he worked at the University of Liverpool from 1949 to 1951. In 1951, he returned back to China, and became a full professor at the department of physics in Peking University until 1977.  From 1977 to 1983 he was the director of the Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences.  Since 1983 he had been the Honorary Director of the Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Huang Kun was elected an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1955, a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1980, and a member of the Third World Academy of Sciences in 1985.  He served as Chairman on the Chinese Physics Society from 1987 to 1991.

Academician Huang Kun is an internationally well-known physicist, who has made many pioneering contributions in solid state physics.

Academician Huang Kun theoretically predicted, in the late forties of 20th century, diffuse X-ray reflection due to point defects in crystal lattices, which was experimentally confirmed in 1960s.  It, as named "Huang Scattering", has already developed into a method for studying micro-defects in solids.

His multi-phonon transition theory, known as "Huang-Rhys factor", has become widely documented in the community of solid-state physics.  With a pair of equations (Huang Equations), proposed by him, he was succeeded in coupling optical displacement, macroscopic electric field and electric polarization, and discovered, for the first time, the coupled vibratory modes between optical vibration and the electromagnetic field, which later developed to become the new concept of 'polariton'.

In collaboration with Max Born, he is widely known as the co-author of the famous book of "Dynamical Theory of Crystal Lattices", which has left its long-term imprint on the solid-state physics.

In recent years he had also achieved remarkable success with his colleagues in the electronic states and phonon modes of semiconductor superlattices.

He had been not only making great contributions to solid state physics, but at the same time devoted half-century life to the teaching of general physics, solid state physics and semiconductor physics in colleges and universities.

Academician Huang Kun loved his motherland deeply in his heard and had been ardently devoted to scientific work.

Academician Huang Kun was awarded the 1995 prize of Ho Leung Ho Lee Foundation for Scientific and Technological Achievement. He received the highest honor as the winner of State Preeminent Science and Technology Award of China in 2001.

Source: CAS


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