With a PhD in engineering, Wan Gang is Vice Chairman of the 12th National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), Chairman of the China Zhi Gong Party, Minister of Science and Technology and President of the 9th National Committee of the China Association for Science and Technology (CAST).
Wan Gang graduated with a bachelor's degree from Northeast Forestry University in 1978, after which he joined its faculty. From 1979 to 1981, he was a postgraduate in experimental mechanics at the Structural Theories Research Institute of Tongji University, where he got his master's degree in 1981 and served as a faculty member till 1985. Between 1985 and 1991, he studied and obtained doctorate (Dr. Ing.) at the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University Clausthal in Germany. From 1991 to 2001, he worked in German Audi Corporation.
In January 2001, he took the post as dean of the New Energy Automobile Engineering Center, Tongji University in Shanghai, China. He worked successively as Assistant to President of Tongji University from August 2001, Vice President from June 2003, and President from July 2004. In November 2006, he was elected Vice President of the Shanghai Association for Science and Technology. In December 2006, he became Vice Chairman of the China Zhi Gong Party and was elected Chairman in December 2007. In April 2007, he was appointed as Minister of Science and Technology. From 2003, he served as member of the National Committee and its Standing Committee of the 10th CPPCC. He was elected Vice Chairman of the 11th CPPCC In March 2008 and successively that of the 12th CPPCC in March 2013.
In June 2016, Wan Gang was elected President of the 9th National Committee of CAST.